4 different types of roasting coffee

What is The Best Coffee Roasting Guide in 2023?

Ever sniffed that intoxicating aroma wafting from your local café and thought, “Man, if only I could bottle that scent!”? That, my friends, is the magical smell of roasted coffee beans.

But wait, what exactly is coffee roasting, and why does it smell so dang good? Coffee roasting is the transformative art of turning green coffee beans into the aromatic brown ones we all know and love. It’s not just about the color change; it’s a culinary science that decides whether your morning brew is a slap to the face or a gentle caress to your soul.

Imagine mastering the art of coffee roasting, having the power to tweak and customize flavors right at your fingertips. From fruity to chocolatey, from mild to bold, the world of flavor profiles is at your beck and call.

So, grab your apron (and maybe a bourbon, because why not?), and let’s embark on this aromatic journey of coffee roasting together!

What Are the Different Kinds of Coffee Roasting?

Alright, coffee comrades, let’s dive into the roasting rabbit hole! You know, coffee beans are a bit like us after a good night out – they come in various shades, from the pale ‘I-just-spent-winter-indoors’ to the ‘I’ve-been-soaking-up-the-sun-all-summer. So, let’s break it down.

  1. Cinnamon Roast (or Light Roast): Named after its light color, not because it tastes like your favorite breakfast roll. This roast has a toasted grain taste and pronounced acidity. It’s the kind of coffee that gets up early, does yoga, and drinks green smoothies.
  2. City Roast (Medium): A bit darker and a balanced babe! This roast is all about equilibrium: not too light, not too dark. It’s the friend who’s always punctual and remembers everyone’s birthday.
  3. Full City Roast (Medium-Dark): Edging closer to the dark side but not entirely there. It’s got some oil on the bean surface and a slight bittersweet aftertaste. Think of it as the rebellious teen phase of coffee roasts.
  4. Dark Roast (or French Roast): The bad boy of the bunch. Dark, bold, with a hint of smokiness. Low acidity. It’s the coffee version of that leather jacket-wearing, motorcycle-riding individual you were warned about (but secretly want to hang out with).
  5. Italian Roast: Darker than the French roast. It’s so dark and oily, it’s almost flirting with being charred. Perfect for those who love their coffee like they love their drama – intense!
  6. Especial Mention – Espresso Roast: Tailored for the espresso machines, this roast is flexible, ranging from medium-dark to dark. It’s versatile, robust, and gets the job done. It’s the multi-tasker who somehow manages a full-time job, a side hustle, and a social life.

And there you have it! The spectrum of coffee roasting. Whether you’re in for the light and tangy or the dark and intense, there’s a roast out there with your name on it. So, light up that grill, pour a shot of bourbon, and experiment with your coffee flavors. After all, variety is the spice of life!

4 different types of roasting coffee
Coffee Roasting

Cinnamon Roast (or Light Roast)

  • Bean Appearance: Pale, tan-like color, similar to the hue of cinnamon sticks.
    • How to Identify: No oils on the bean surface. They’re the ‘fresh-faced youths’ of the coffee world.
  • Flavor Profile: Bright, with a toasted grain taste and high acidity.
  • Best Brewing Methods: Pour-over or automatic drip.
    • How to Brew: Use freshly boiled water and let it sit for about 30 seconds before pouring.
Light roast coffee Coffee Roasting
Credits to MTPak Coffee

City Roast (Medium)

  1. Bean Appearance: A medium brown shade, like a milk chocolate bar.
    • How to Identify: Still sans oil but slightly darker than the cinnamon roast.
  2. Flavor Profile: Well-balanced with more body and reduced acidity.
    • How to Taste: You’ll get a more rounded coffee flavor without the toasted grain note.
  3. Best Brewing Methods: AeroPress or drip methods.
    • How to Brew: Water just off the boil, around 200°F (93°C) for optimal extraction
Medium Roast coffee
Close up of medium roasted coffee beans viewed from above

Full City Roast (Medium-Dark)

  1. Bean Appearance: Deeper than the city roast, with a hint of danger. Think of it as the twilight phase between day and night.
    • How to Identify: A smattering of oil sheen starts to appear on the surface. There might be tiny cracks, signaling the start of the second crack in the roasting process.
  2. Flavor Profile: Rich and robust. There’s a slight bittersweet aftertaste reminiscent of dark caramel or semi-sweet chocolate chips.
    • How to Taste: Its full body will be evident, dancing between the medium and dark roast profiles.
  3. Best Brewing Methods: Espresso and drip coffee machines.
    • How to Brew: For drip machines, aim for a water temperature between 195°F to 205°F (90°C to 96°C). For espresso, grind those beans to a fine consistency, but not too powdery!
Medium-Dark Roasts coffee
Medium-Dark Roasts: Coffee Roasting

Dark Roast (or French Roast)

  1. Bean Appearance: Dark brown, kinda like that mysterious stranger at the end of the bar.
    • How to Identify: Shiny due to the oils on the surface. The beans may look slightly cracked.
  2. Flavor Profile: Bold, smoky, with hints of chocolate or even burnt sugar.
    • How to Taste: Expect low acidity and more body. It’s the ‘I mean business’ of coffee roasts.
  3. Best Brewing Methods: Espresso or French press.
    • How to Brew: For French press, coarse grind your beans and steep for 4 minutes. For espresso, finely grind and pack that portafilter tight!
Dark Roasts coffee, black coffee and fine grind coffee
Dark Roasts: Coffee Roasting

Italian Roast

  1. Bean Appearance: Darker than your favorite noir film and glistening with oils.
    • How to Identify: Almost charred in appearance. These beans have gone through the second crack and are ready to share their tales of the dark side.
  2. Flavor Profile: It’s intense! There’s a smokiness akin to a BBQ party, with underlying notes of licorice and maybe even a touch of molasses.
    • How to Taste: The acidity is a mere whisper, overshadowed by its robust body and character.
  3. Best Brewing Methods: Espresso all the way.
    • How to Brew: Go for a fine grind, akin to table salt consistency, and extract under high pressure to get that dense, flavor-packed shot!
Italian Roast
Credits to Rave Coffee

Espresso Roast

  1. Bean Appearance: A flexible character, it’s dark but not the darkest, often mistaken for its cousin, the Italian roast.
    • How to Identify: Dark brown, oily, and ready to jolt you awake!
  2. Flavor Profile: Tailored to shine in those short, strong shots. Think rich, caramelized, and with a kick that says, “Wake up and smell the coffee!”
    • How to Taste: Sip that espresso and let its boldness envelop your senses.
  3. Best Brewing Methods: Well, espresso machine, of course!
    • How to Brew: Use water just off the boil, grind to a fine consistency (think between table salt and powdered sugar), and let the machine work its magic!
Espresso Roast

The type of roast you choose will significantly impact your coffee’s flavor profile. Light roasts are more nuanced, highlighting the bean’s inherent characteristics, while dark roasts are bold and robust, with flavors created by the roasting process itself. The coffee roast is a personal choice and allows us to customize our coffee experience.

How Different Kinds of Coffee Roasting Help Me?

Well, well, well, isn’t this the bean-tastic question of the century! It’s like asking how different kinds of BBQ marinades or bourbon ages tickle our taste buds. Different roasts of coffee do more than just jolt you awake; they take you on a whirlwind flavor tour right from your mug.

Variety, Darling! First off, life thrives on variety. Just as you wouldn’t wear the same shirt every day (I hope), why stick to just one coffee roast? Having a range of roasts at your disposal lets you match your brew to your mood. Feeling light and breezy? A Cinnamon Roast will dance on your palate. Need a sturdy companion for a gloomy day? Dark Roast’s got your back.

Perfect Pairings: Different roasts also mean different pairings. Think about it – some coffees go brilliantly with a smoky BBQ rib, while others might be the ideal partner for a rich chocolate cake or even a splash of bourbon. (Hey, no judgment here! It’s 5 o’clock somewhere, right?)

Brew-tiful Experiments: Lastly, different roasts open doors to various brewing methods. An Espresso Roast might push you to master the art of the perfect espresso shot, while a City Roast could lead you down the delightful lane of AeroPress experiments.

So there you have it! Playing around with coffee roasts isn’t just fun, it’s a flavorful journey of discovery. Because, at the end of the day, why should your palate settle for monotonous when there’s a whole spectrum out there waiting? Dive in, explore, and let every sip be a new adventure. Cheers to the many hues of coffee roasting!

Different types of coffee
Different types of coffee

Wrapping Up

Well, coffee crusaders, we’ve bean (see what I did there?) on quite the ride together! From the delicate ballet of the Cinnamon Roast to the rock concert of the Dark Roast, we’ve covered the wide, wonderful spectrum of coffee roasting. Why listen to me? Because, much like you, I’ve spent countless mornings cradling my coffee mug, exploring its depths, and pairing it with some kickin’ BBQ and the occasional bourbon chaser.

Every roast has its own personality, and every cup holds a new adventure. At jlsurjan.com, we don’t just blog about coffee, bourbon, and BBQ – we live it, breathe it, and sure as heck drink it. So next time you’re staring down a bag of beans, wondering which direction to go, just remember: variety is the spice of life, and every roast has a story to tell. Dive in, explore, and let’s continue this flavor journey together!

Keep brewing, keep tasting, and as always, keep it smoky and spirited! 🍻☕🔥 Cheers from your coffee-loving, bourbon-sipping, BBQ aficionado – JL Surjan!

Now, let’s delve into some of your most asked questions about coffee roasts.

Origin and Expansion of Coffee
Credits to TheCollector

FAQs on Coffee Roasts

Q1. Do different roasts have different caffeine levels?

A: Despite common misconceptions, the roast level doesn’t significantly alter the caffeine content. The difference is minimal, with light roasts having slightly more caffeine due to their less extensive roasting process.

Q2. Why does my light roast taste sour?

A: A sour taste in a light roast often indicates under-extraction during brewing. Try brewing for a longer time or using a finer grind.

Q3. Is dark roast coffee stronger?

A: Dark roasts have a bolder, richer flavor due to the extended roasting process. However, they’re not ‘stronger’ in terms of caffeine content.

Q4. How should I store my roasted coffee beans?

A: Store your coffee beans in an airtight container in a cool, dark place to maintain their freshness.

Q5. What’s the difference between single origin and blend?

A: Single origin coffee is sourced from one specific region, while blends are a mix of beans from different regions, chosen to complement each other and create a balanced flavor profile.

Q6. Why does my coffee taste burnt?

Origin of coffee/Ethiopian+coffee
Credits to Batch Coffee

A: A burnt taste often indicates over-extraction during brewing, or it could simply be the characteristic flavor of a dark roast.

Q7. Is there a best roast for espresso?

A: Traditionally, darker roasts are used for espresso due to their bold flavor and creamy consistency, but you can use any roast you prefer.

Q8. What is a French roast?

A: French roast is a dark roast coffee, characterized by its dark brown, almost black color and shiny, oily surface. The flavors are bold, smoky, and often have a slight bitterness.

Q9. What is a ‘City Roast’ or ‘Full-City Roast’?

A: These are terms often used to denote medium and medium-dark roasts, respectively.

Q10. What is ‘First Crack’ and ‘Second Crack’?

A: These terms refer to two stages in the roasting process when the beans crack due to heat. First Crack happens at a lighter roast stage, and Second Crack in a darker roast stage.

Q11. Why does my coffee taste bland?

A: A bland taste often indicates under-extraction or stale beans. Make sure your coffee is fresh, and adjust your brewing time or grind size if necessary.

Q12. Can I roast coffee at home?

A: Absolutely! Home roasting is a fun way to experiment with flavors. You’ll need green coffee beans and a coffee roaster, but even a simple pan on the stove can work.

Q13. How long can I store roasted coffee beans?

A: Roasted coffee beans are best used within a month of roasting. After that, they can start to lose their freshness and flavor.

Q14. Does the type of coffee roast affect acidity?

A: Yes, lighter roasts tend to retain more of the coffee’s natural acidity, while darker roasts are typically less acidic due to the longer roasting process.

Q15. How do I choose which roast to buy?

Choosing a roast comes down to personal preference. Consider if you want a lighter, more nuanced flavor, or a bold, robust coffee. Don’t be afraid to experiment!

Now, let’s take a moment to reflect on our journey together.

J.L. Surjan

Disclosure: Our blog contains affiliate links to products. We may receive a commission for purchases made through these links. However, this does not impact our reviews and comparisons. We try our best to keep things fair and balanced, in order to help you make the best choice for you.

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